The name Thanjavur is believed to have been derived from Tanjan, an asura in Hindu mythology, who is believed to have been killed at this spot by the Lord Vishnu. Also the name is believed to have been derived from Than-sei-oor, it means the place is surrounded by rivers and green paddy fields.
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Thanjavur has been the capital of mighty Cholas for centuries. After Chola dynasty this place was occupied by Nayakas and after that Maratha took over the place and made as one of their main head quarters in southern region. The city is located on the southern bank of river Cauveri. The town is an important agricultural center located at the heart of the region, known as the "rice bowl of Tamil Nadu". Rice is transported throughout the country as well as exported else where. Thanjavur is an important center of South Indian art and architecture. Even today Thanjavur is not only considered as the rice bowl of Tamil nadu but also as a cultural head quarters.
Thanjavur's famous arts: Thanjavur district is famous for various arts and crafts like 'Thanjavur dancing doll' , 'Thanjavur paintings' and 'Thanjavur art plates'.
Carnatic music: Carnatic Music in Thanjavur represents the rich musical heritage of the ancient city of the state of Tamil Nadu, which was sung with the musical instruments Veenai and Thavil.
Thanjavur Painting: The paintings are done on wood, using a variety of colors, and to enhance the pictures, details of jewellery and clothing are added by attaching gold leaf, paper, semi-precious and precious gems. This school of paintings originated in Thanjavur during the reign of the Marathas in the 16th century. Today, this tradition is kept alive by a few hundred dedicated artists mostly based in Tamil Nadu, India. A typical Thanjavur painting would consist of one main figure, a deity, with a well-rounded body & almond shaped eyes. The early paintings were embedded with real Diamonds, Rubies and other precious stones. Later, use of semi-precious and artificial stones gained popularity. There are some examples of this art in the Palace Museum.
Thanjavur Art Plate: The creation of the Tanjore metal plate is credited to Raja Serfoji II (1797-1832), the Maratha ruler of Thanjavur, who asked his royal artisans to create an object that would reflect the glory of his kingdom. Silver, brass, and copper are encrusted on to each other to create this stunning piece of art. The effect of silver in high relief on the reddish copper ground is unusual and striking.Other specialties: Veenai (Veena) is played with great perfection by the highly talented artists of Thanjavur. Asoka halwa is one of the famous sweet in Thanjavur.
Nearest Airport: The nearest airport is at Trichy (65-km) to Thanjavur, is well connected with other parts of India and also well connected with international flights.
Railway Junction: There is a railway junction in Thanjavur. It is well linked with Trichy, Chennai, Madurai.
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